Vernet Lab

The Ecology of

Polar Phytoplankton

Dr. Maria Vernet
Integrative Oceanography Division
Room 2123, Sverdrup Hall
Phone: (858) 534-5322
Fax: (858) 822-0562
Email: mvernet@ucsd.edu

October 22, 2014 | Not Logged In (public login | local login)

§ Publications

Publications

Martha Ferrario, Adrián Cefarelli, Bruce Robison and Maria Vernet (2011, in press) Thalassioneis signyensis (Bacillariophyceae) from the northwest Weddell Sea icebers, an emendation of the generic description. Journal of Phycology .
Wendy Kozlowski, Douglas Deutschman, Irene Garbitti, Charles Trees and Maria Vernet (2011) An evaluation of the application of CHEMTAX to Antarctic coastal pigment data. Deep Sea Research I - Oceanographic Research Papers 58:350-364. doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2011.01.008.
Maria Vernet, Karie Sines, Diane Chakos, Adrian O. Cefarelli and Lindsey Ekern (2011) Impacts on phytoplankton dynamics by free-drifting icebergs in the NW Weddell Sea Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.022.
Helly JJ, Kaufmann RS, Vernet M, Stephenson GR (2011) Spatial characterization of the meltwater field from icebergs in the Weddell Sea Proceedings Of The National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America. 108:5492-5497 doi:10.1073/pnas.0909306108.
Bruce H. Robison, Maria Vernet and Kenneth L. Smith Jr. Algal communities attached to free-drifting, Antarctic icebergs (2011) Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.024.
Adrián O. Cefarelli, Maria Vernet and Martha E. Ferrario. Phytoplankton composition and abundance in relation to free-floating Antarctic icebergs (2011) Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.023.
Gordon R. Stephenson Jr., Janet Sprintall, Sara T. Gille, Maria Vernet, John J. Helly and Ronald S. Kaufmann (2011) Subsurface melting of a free-floating Antarctic iceberg Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.009.
John J. Helly, Ronald S. Kaufmann, Gordon R. Stephenson Jr. and Maria Vernet (2011) Cooling, dilution and mixing on ocean water by free-drifting icebergs in the Weddell Sea Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.010.
K.L. Smith, Jr., A.D. Sherman, T.J. Shaw, A.E. Murray, M. Vernet and A.O. Cefarelli (2011) Carbon export associated with free-drifting icebers in the Southern Ocean Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.027.
T.J. Shaw, K.L. Smith Jr., C.R. Hexel, R. Dudgeon, A.D. Sherman, M. Vernet and R. Kaufmann (2011) 234Th-Based Carbon export around free-driftin icebergs in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research II - Topical Studies in Oceanography. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.11.019.
Cefarelli AO, Ferrario ME, Almandoz GO, Atencio AG, Akselman R, Vernet M (2010) Diversity of the diatom genus Fragilariopsis in the Argentine Sea and Antarctic waters: morphology, distribution and abundance. Polar Biology 33:1463-1484.
Christian H. Fritsen, Jeramie C. Memmot, Robin M. Ross, Langdon B. Quetin, Maria Vernet, Eric D. Wirthlin (2010) The timing of sea ice formation and exposure to photosynthetically active radiation along the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology Online. doi:10.1007/s00300-010-0924-7.
Maria Vernet, Susana Díaz, Humberto Fuenzalida, Caronlin Camilión, Charles R. Booth, Sergion Cabrera, Claudio Casicca, Guillermo Defarrari Charlotte Lovengreen, Alejandro Paladini, Jorge Pedroni, Alejandro Rosales and Horacio Zagarese (2009) Quality of UVR exposure for different biological systems along a latitudinal gradient. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 8:1329-1345.
Vernet, M., D. Martinson, R, Iannuzzi, S. Stammerjohn, W. Kozlowski, K. Sines, R. Smith, and I. Garibotti (2008) Control of Primary Production by Sea Ice Dynamics west of the Antarctic Peninsula. Deep-Sea Research II, 55:2068-2085.
Montes-Hugo, M.A., M. Vernet , D. Martinson, R. Smith and R. Iannuzzi (2008) Variability on phytoplankton size structure in the western Antarctic Peninsula (1997-2006) Deep-Sea Research II, 55:2106-2117.
Martinson, D.G., S.E. Stammerjohn, R.A. Iannuzzi, R.C. Smith. and M. Vernet (2008) Western Antarctic Peninsula physical oceanography and spatio-temporal variability, Deep-Sea Research II, 55:1964-1987.
Montes-Hugo M.A., M. Vernet , R.C. Smith and K. Carder (2008) Phytoplankton size-structure on the western shelf of the Antarctic Peninsula: a remote sensing approach. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29(3):801-829.
Smith, K.L. Jr., B.H. Robison , J.J. Helly, R.S. Kaufmann, H.A. Ruhl, T. J. Shaw, B.S. Twining and M. Vernet (2007) Free-drifting icebergs: hotspots of chemical and biological enrichment in the Weddell Sea. Science 317:478-482.
  • Supplemental material:
  • Quetin, L.B., Ross, R.M., C. H. Fritsen and M. Vernet (2007) Ecological Responses of Antarctic Krill to Environmental Variability: Can We Predict the Future? Antarctic Science 19(2): 253-266.
    Vernet, M. and R.C. Smith (2007) Measuring and Modeling Primary Production in Marine Pelagic Ecosystems, in Principles and Standards for measuring Primary Production, J. T. Fahey and A.K. Knapp (eds.), Oxford University Press, Ch.9, pp.142-174.
    Matrai, P.A., M. Vernet and P. Wassmann (2007) Relating temporal and spatial patterns of DMSP in the Barents Sea to phytoplankton biomass and productivity. Journal of Marine Systems 67: 83-101.
    Ducklow, H. W., K. Baker, D. G. Martinson, L. B. Quetin, R. M. Ross, R. C. Smith, S. E. Stammerjohn, M. Vernet, and W. Fraser (2007) Marine Pelagic Ecosystems: the West Antarctic Peninsula. Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Special Theme Issue, "Antarctic Ecology: From Genes to Ecosystems." (A. Rogers, E. Murphy and A. C. Clarke, Eds.) Philosophical Transactions Royal Society B – Biological Sciences 362 (1477): 67-94.
    Van den Belt, M., R. Costanza, S. Demers, S. Diaz, G. A. Ferreyra, S. M. F. Gianesella, E. W. Koch, F. R. Momo, and M. Vernet. (2007) Mediated Modeling for Integrating Science and Stakeholders: Impacts of Enhanced Ultraviolet-B Radiation on Ecosystem Services, in SCOPE (Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment) 68, Communicating Global Change Science to Society. An Assessment and Case Studies, . Holm Tiessen, Mike Brklacich, Gerhard Breulmann, and Rômulo S. C. Menezes (eds). Island Press, Washington, Ch 20.
    Ferrero, E., M. Eöry, G. Ferreyra, I. Schloss, H. Zagarese, M. Vernet and F. Momo (2006) Vertical mixing, turbidity, and ecological effects of UVR in planktonic communities. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 898-902.
    van den Belt, M., O.A. Bianciotto, R. Costanza, S. Demers, S. Diaz, G.A. Ferreyra, E. W. Koch, F.R. Momo, M. Vernet (2006) Mediated Modeling of the Impacts of Enhanced UV-B Radiation on Ecosystem Services. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 865-877.
    Díaz, S.B., C. Camilión, J. Escobar, G. Deferrari, S. Roy, K. Lacoste, S. Demers, C. Belzile, G. Ferreyra, S. Gianesella, M. Gosselin, C. Nozais, E. Pelletier, I. Schloss and M. Vernet (2006) Simulation of Ozone Depletion Using Ambient Irradiance Supplemented with UV Lamps. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 857-864.
    Belzile, C., S. Demers, G.A. Ferreyra, I. Schloss, C. Nozais, K. Lacoste, B. Mostajir, S. Roy, M. Gosselin, E. Pelletier, S.M.F. Gianesella and M. Vernet (2006) UV Effects on Marine Planktonic Food-Webs: A Synthesis of Results from Mesocosm Studies. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 850-856.
    Diaz, S.B., C. Camilion, G. Deferrari, H. Fuenzalida, R. Armstrong, C. Booth, A. Paladini, S. Cabrera, C. Casiccia, C. Lovengreen, J. Pedroni, A. Rosales, H. Zagarese, M. Vernet (2006) Ozone and UV Radiation over Southern South America: Climatology and Anomalies. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 834-843.
    Vernet, M. (2006) Symposium-in-Print: Enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in natural ecosystems as an added perturbation due to ozone depletion. Photochemistry and Photobiology 82(4): 831-833.
    Massom, R., S. Stammerjohn, R.C. Smith, Pook, R. Iannuzzi, Adams, D. Martinson, M. Vernet, W. Fraser, L. Quetin, R. Ross, Y. Massom and Krouse (2006) Extreme Anomalous Atmospheric Circulation in the West Antarctic Peninsula Region in Austral Spring and Summer 2001/2, and its Profound Impact on Sea Ice and Biota. Journal of Climate Research, 19: 3544-3571.
    Garibotti, I.A., M. Vernet, R.C. Smith, and M.E. Ferrario (2005) Interannual variability in the distribution of the phytoplankton standing stock across the seasonal sea-ice zone west of the Antarctic Peninsula, Journal of Plankton Research, 27: 825-847.
    Garibotti, I.A., M. Vernet and M.E. Ferrario (2005) Annually recurrent phytoplanktonic assemblages during summer in the seasonal ice zone west of the Antarctic Peninsula (Southern Ocean), Deep Sea Research I 52: 1823-1841.
    Diaz S., C.R. Booth, R. Armstrong, C. Brunat, S. Cabrera, C. Camilion, C. Cassiccia, G. Deferrari, H. Fuenzalida, C. Lovengreen, A. Paladini, J. Pedroni, A. Rosales, H. Zagarese and M. Vernet (2005) Multi-channel radiometers calibration. A new approach. Applied Optics 44 (26): 5374-5380.
    Moline M.A., Claustre H., Frazer, T.K., Schofield, O. and Vernet, M (2004) Alteration of the food web along the Antarctic Peninsula in response to a regional warming trend. Global Change Biology 10 (12): 1973-1980.
    Garibotti, I.A., M. Vernet, M.E. Ferrario, R.C. Smith, R.M. Ross, and L.B. Quetin (2003) Phytoplankton spatial distribution patterns in the Western Antarctic Peninsula, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 261:21-39.
    Garibotti, I.A., M. Vernet, W.A. Kozlowski, and M.E. Ferrario (2003) Composition and biomass of phytoplankton assemblages in coastal Antarctic waters: a comparison of chemotaxonomic and microscopic analyses, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 247, 27-42.
    Smith, R. C., W. R. Fraser, S. E. Stammerjohn, and M. Vernet (2003) Palmer Long-Term Ecological Research on the Antarctic Marine Ecosystem in Antarctic Peninsula Climate Variability: Historical and Paleoenvironmental Perspective, edited by E. Domack, A. Leventer, A. Burnett, R. Bindschadler, P. Convey, and M. Kirby, pp. 131-144, American Geophysical Union, Washington, DC.
    Dierssen, H.M., R.C. Smith, and M. Vernet (2002) Glacial meltwater dynamics in coastal waters West of the Antarctic Peninsula, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99 (4), 1790-1795.
    Haberman, K.L., M. Vernet, R.M. Ross, L.B. Quetin, G.A. Nevitt, and W.A. Kozlowski (2002) Grazing by Antarctic krill Euphausia superba on Phaeocystis antarctica: an immunochemical approach, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 241, 139-149.
    Smith, R.C., K.S. Baker, H.M. Dierssen, S.E. Stammerjohn, and M. Vernet (2001) Variability of primary production in an Antarctic marine ecosystem as estimated using a multi-scale sampling strategy, American Zoologist, 41 (1), 40-56.
    Sastre, M. P., M. Vernet, and S. Steinert (2001) Single-cell gel/comet assay applied to the analysis of UV radiation-induced DNA damage in Rhodomonas sp. (Cryptophyta), Photochemistry and Photobiology, 74 (1), 55-60.
    Vernet, M. and W. Kozlowski (2001) Environmental variability and the net effect of UV radiation in the Antarctic marine ecosystem. Ch.7. In: C.S. Cockwell, and A.R. Blaustein (eds.) Ecosystems and Ultraviolet Radiation. Springer-Verlag, New York, 170-194.
    Whitehead K. and M. Vernet (2000) Influence of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) on UV absorption by particulate and dissolved organic matter in La Jolla Bay. Limnology and Oceanography 45(8): 1788-1796.
    de Mora, S., S. Demers and M. Vernet (eds.) (2000)The effects of UV radiation in the marine environment. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge environmental chemistry series/10, 1-324.
    Vernet, M (2000) Effects of UV radiation on the physiology and ecology of marine phytoplankton. Ch. 9, In: S. de Mora, S. Demers and M. Vernet (eds.) The effects of UV radiation in the marine environment. Cambridge University Press, pp. 238-278.
    Ross, R.M., L.B. Quetin, K.S. Baker, M. Vernet, R.C. Smith (2000) Growth limitation in young Euphausia superba under field conditions. Limnology and Oceanography 45(1): 31-43.
    Dierssen, H.M., M. Vernet and R.C. Smith (2000) Optimizing models for remotely estimating primary production in Antarctic Coastal Waters, Antarctic Science 12(1) 20-32.
    Moline, M.A., H. Claustre, T.K. Frazer, J. Grzymski, O. Schofield and M. Vernet (2000) Changes in phytoplankton assemblages along the Antarctic Peninsula and potential implications for the Antarctic food web. SCAR Symposium 263-271.
    Gabric, A.J., P.A. Matrai, and M. Vernt (1999) Modelling the production and cycling of dimethylsulphide during the vernal bloom in the Barents Sea. Tellus 51B: 919-93.
    Wassmann, P., T.N. Ratkova, I. Andreassen, M. Vernet, G. Pedersen and F. Rey (1999) Spring bloom development in the marginal ice zone and the central Barents Sea. Marine Ecology 20(3-4):321-346.
    Smith, R.C., D. Ainley, K. Baker, E. Domack, S. Emslie, W. Fraser, J. Kennett, A. Leventer, E. Mosley-Thompson, S. Stammerjohn and M. Vernet (1999) Marine Ecosystem Sensitivity to Climate Change: Antarctic Peninsula. BioScience 49(5): 393-404.
    Hewes, C.D., B.G. Mitchell, T. Moisan, M. Vernet and F.M.H. Reid (1998) The Phycobilin Signatures of Chloroplasts from Three Dinoflagellate Species: a Dinoflagellate Species: a microanalytical study of Dinophysis caudata, D. fortii and D. acuminata (Dinophysiales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34(6):945-951.
    Ferrario, M.E., E.A. Sar and M. Vernet (1998) Chaetoceros resting spores in the Gerlache Strait, Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology 19:286-288.
    Vernet, M., P.A. Matrai and I. Andreassen (1998) Synthesis of particulate and extracellular carbon by phytoplankton at the marginal ice zone in the Barents Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research 103 (C1): 1023-1037.
    Smith, R.C., K.S. Baker and M. Vernet (1998) Seasonal and interannual variability of phytoplankton biomass West of the Antarctic Peninsula. Journal Marine Systems 17:229-243.
    Matrai, P.A. and M. Vernet (1997) Dynamics of the vernal bloom in the marginal ice-zone of the Barents Sea: Dimethyl sulfide and dimethylsufoniopropionate budgets. Journal of Geophysical Research 102(C10): 22,965-22979.
    Vernet, M. and R.C. Smith (1997) Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the pelagic Antarctic ecosystems. In: Donat Häder (ed.) Ozone depletion and aquatic ecoystems. Chapter 15, pp. 247-265. R.G. Landes Company Bioscience Publishers at Austin, Texas.
    Vernet, M. and K. Whitehead (1996) Release of ultraviolet-absorbing compounds by the red-tide dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedra. Marine Biology 127: 35-44.
    Smith, R.C., H. Dierssen and M. Vernet (1996) Phytoplankton biomass and productivity in the Western Antarctic Peninsula region. In: R. Ross, E. Hofmann and L. Quetin (eds.) Foundations for Ecosystem Research in the Western Antarctic Peninsula Region. pp. 333-356, American Geophysical Union, Antarctic Research Series.
    Vernet, M., B.G. Mitchell, E. Sakshaug, G. Johnsen, R. Iturriaga, P. Wassmann (1996) Evidence for a novel pigment with in vivo absorption maximum at 708 nm associated with Phaeocystis cf. pouchetti blooms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 133: 253-262.
    Smith, R.C., K.S. Baker, W.R. Fraser, E.E. Hofmann, D.M. Karl, J.M. Klinck, L.B. Quentin, B.B. Prezelin, R.M. Ross, W.Z. Trivelpiece and M. Vernet (1995) The Palmer LTER: A long-term ecological research program at Palmer Station, Antarctica. Oceanography 8 (3):77-86.
    Matrai, P.A., M.Vernet, R. Hood, A. Jennings, E. Brody and S. Saemundsdóttir (1995) Light dependence of carbon and sulfur production by polar clones of the genus Phaeocystis. Marine Biology 124: 157-167.
    Wassmann, P., U. Passow and M. Vernet (1995) A new hypothesis on the fate of extracellular carbon released by phytoplankton in Arctic shelf areas. NOSTRA 3 proceedings, 106-116.
    Thomas, W.H., M. Vernet and C. H. Gibson (1995) Effects of small-scale turbulence on photosynthesis, pigmentation, cell division, and cell size in the marine dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 31: 50-59.
    Lange, C.B., F. M. H. Reid and M. Vernet (1994) Temporal distribution of the potentially toxic diatom Pseudonitzschia australis at a coastal site in Southern California. Marine Ecology Progress Series 104: 309-312.
    Vernet, M., E. A. Brody, O. Holm-Hansen and B. G. Mitchell (1994) The response of Antarctic phytoplankton to ultraviolet radiation: Absorption, photosynthesis, and taxonomic composition, in Ultraviolet Radiation in Antarctic: Measurements and Biological Effects, P. S. Weiler and P. A. Penhale (eds). Antarctic Research Series Volume 62: 143-158.
    Wassmann, P., R. Martinez and M. Vernet (1994) Respiration and biochemical composition of sedimenting organic matter during summer in the Barents Sea. Continental Shelf Research 14(1): 79-90.
    Verity, P.G. and M. Vernet (1992) Microzooplankton grazing, pigments, and composition of plankton communities during late spring in two Norwegian fjords. Sarsia 77(3-4): 263-274.
    Johnsen, G., E. Sakshaug and M. Vernet (1992) Pigment composition, spectral characterization and photosynthetic parameters in Chysochromulina polylepis. Marine Ecoogy Progress Series 83: 241-249.
    Cary, S.C., J. T. Lovette, P. J. Pearl, M. E. Huntley and M. Vernet (1992) A microencapsulation technique for introducing pure compounds in zooplankton diets. Limnology and Oceanography 37(2): 404-413.
    Sakshaug, E., G. Johnsen, K. Andresen, and M. Vernet (1991) Modeling of light-dependent algal photosynthesis and growth: Experiments with the Barents Sea diatoms Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii and Chaetoceros furcellatus. Deep-Sea Research 38(4): 415-430.
    Vernet, M. (1990) Phytoplankton dynamics in the Barents Sea estimated from chlorophyll budget models. Polar Research, 10(1): 129-145.
    Wassmann, P., M. Vernet, B. G. Mitchell and F. Rey (1990) Mass sedimentation of Phaeocystis pouchetii in the Barents Sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66: 183-195.
    Bjerkeng, B., M. Vernet, M. V. Nielsen and S. Liaaen-Jensen (1990) Carotenoids of Chrysochromulina polylepis (Prymnesiophyceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 18(5): 303-306.
    Vernet, M., B. G. Mitchell and O. Holm-Hansen (1990) Adaptation of Synechococcus in situ determined by variability in intracellular phycoerythrin-543 at a coastal station off the southern California coast, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 63: 9-16.
    Vernet, M., A. Neori and F. T. Haxo (1989) Spectral properties and photosynthetic action in red-tide populations of Prorocentrum micans and Gonyaulax polyedra. Marine Biology 103: 365-371.
    Vernet, M., J. R. Hunter and R. D. Vetter (1989) Accumulation of age pigments (lipofuscin) in two cold-water fishes. Fishery Bulletin 86(2): 401-407.
    Neori, A., M. Vernet, O. Holm-Hansen and F. T. Haxo (1988) Comparison of chlorophyll far-red and red fluorescence excitation spectra with photosynthetic oxygen action spectra for photosystem II in algae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 44: 297-302.
    Vernet, M. and C. J. Lorenzen (1987) The presence of chlorophyll b and the estimation of phaeopigments in marine phytoplankton. Journal of Plankton Research 9(2): 255-265.
    Vernet, M. and C. J. Lorenzen (1987) The relative abundance of phaeophorbide a and phaeophytin a in temperate marine waters. Limnology and Oceanography 32(2): 352-358.
    Neori, A., M. Vernet, O. Holm-Hansen and F. T. Haxo (1986) Relationship between action spectra for chlorophyll a fluorescence and photosynthetic O2 evolution in algae. Journal Plankton Research 8(3): 537-548.
    Welschmeyer, N.A., A. E. Copping, M. Vernet and C. J. Lorenzen (1984) Diel fluctuation in zooplankton grazing rate as determined from the downward vertical flux of pheopigments. Marine Biology 83(3): 263-270.
    Lorenzen, C.J., N.A. Welschmeyer, A. E. Copping and M. Vernet (1983) Sinking rates of organic particles. Limnology and Oceanography 28: 766-69.